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Dan Hammarlund

Dan Hammarlund


Dan Hammarlund

Late Holocene expansion of Siberian dwarf pine (Pinus pumila) in Kamchatka in response to increased snow cover as inferred from lacustrine oxygen-isotope records


  • Dan Hammarlund
  • Andrea Klimaschewski
  • Natalie A. St Amour
  • Elinor Andren
  • Angela E. Self
  • Nadia Solovieva
  • Andrei A. Andreev
  • Lena Barnekow
  • Thomas W. D. Edwards

Summary, in English

Holocene records of cellulose-inferred lake-water delta O-8 were produced from two lake-sediment sequences obtained in central and northern Kamchatka, Russian Far East. The sediment records share similar fluctuations in delta O-8 during the interval of ca. 5000-800 cal yr BP that correspond (inversely) with changes in K+ content of the GISP2 ice-core record from Greenland, a proxy for the relative strength of the Siberian High, suggesting control by climate-related variability in delta O-8 of regional precipitation. The dramatic expansion of Siberian dwarf pine (Pinus pumila) in northern and central Kamchatka between ca. 5000 and 4000 cal yr BP, as inferred from pollen records from the same and neighbouring sites, appears to have occurred at a time of progressively declining delta O-8 of precipitation. This development is interpreted as reflecting a regional cooling trend accompanied by increasing winter snowfall related to gradual intensification of the Siberian High from ca. 5000 to ca. 3000 cal yr BP. A thicker and more long-lasting snow cover can be assumed to have favoured P. pumila by providing a competitive advantage over other boreal and subalpine tree and shrub species in the region during the later part of the Holocene. These results, which are the first of their kind from Kamchatka, provide novel insight into the Holocene vegetational and climatic development in eastemmost Asia, as well as long-term atmospheric circulation dynamics in Beringia. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • Quaternary Sciences
  • MERGE: ModElling the Regional and Global Earth system
  • BECC: Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate

Publishing year







Global and Planetary Change



Document type

Journal article




  • Geology


  • Pinus pumila
  • Lake sediments
  • Oxygen isotopes
  • Aleutian Low
  • Siberian
  • High




  • ISSN: 1872-6364