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Seasonal variability in Northern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation during the Medieval Climate Anomaly and the Little Ice Age

Author:
  • Thomas W. D. Edwards
  • Dan Hammarlund
  • Brandi W. Newton
  • Jesper Sjolte
  • Hans Linderson
  • Christophe Sturm
  • Natalie A. St Amour
  • Joscelyn N.L. Bailey
  • Anders L. Nilsson
Publishing year: 2017-06-01
Language: English
Pages: 102-110
Publication/Series: Quaternary Science Reviews
Volume: 165
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Elsevier

Abstract english

Here we report new reconstructions of winter temperature and summer moisture during the past millennium in southeastern Sweden, based on stable-isotope data from a composite tree-ring sequence, that further enhances our knowledge and understanding of seasonal climate variability in the Northern Hemisphere over the past millennium. Key features of these new climate proxy records include evidence for distinctive fluctuations in winter temperature in SE Sweden, superimposed upon the general pattern of cooling between the so-called Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA) of the early millennium and the Little Ice Age (LIA) of the late millennium, as well as evidence for sustained summer wetness during the MCA, followed by drier and less variable conditions during the LIA. We also explore these new records within a circumpolar spatial context by employing self-organizing map analysis of meteorological reanalysis data to identify potential modern analogues of mid-tropospheric synoptic circulation types in the Northern Hemisphere extratropics that can reconcile varying seasonal climate states during the MCA and LIA in SE Sweden with less variable conditions in southwestern Canada, as portrayed by paleoclimate records developed in the same manner in an earlier study.

Keywords

  • Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
  • Geology
  • Arctic Oscillation
  • Late Holocene
  • North Atlantic Oscillation
  • Northern Hemisphere extratropics
  • Paleoclimatology
  • Self-organizing maps
  • Stable isotopes
  • Synoptic circulation

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 0277-3791
Hans Linderson
E-mail: hans [dot] linderson [at] geol [dot] lu [dot] se

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