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The fossil alga Chaetocladus gracilis revisited : new material from the Silurian of Sweden

Author:
  • Johan Pettersson
  • Per Ahlberg
  • Anders Lindskog
  • Johan Lindgren
  • Mats E. Eriksson
Publishing year: 2020
Language: English
Publication/Series: GFF
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Abstract english

In 2006, a new species of non-calcified dasycladalean alga, Chaetocladus gracilis, from the upper Silurian of Skåne (Scania), southernmost Sweden, was erected. The original description was based on a single incomplete fossil recovered from the abandoned limestone quarry at Bjärsjölagård, a classic geologic locality in Scania. Here we present four additional and, importantly, more complete specimens from this same site and type stratum. This new material largely corroborates the general anatomical features of C. gracilis, but also adds some intricate details, most notably with regards to the external sheet-like phytoleim and organisation of the laterals. Elemental mapping confirmed an expected carbonaceous composition of the fossils, which are embedded in a calcareous mudstone. These additional fossils show that the originally described specimen was not a singular occurrence at this locality. Based on the state of preservation of our algal fossils, we note that the mudstone facies of the Ludlow Bjärsjölagård Limestone Member of the Klinta Formation (Öved-Ramsåsa Group), from which all C. gracilis have been recovered, share characteristics with deposits typically referred to as “algal-Lagerstätten”.

Keywords

  • Geology
  • algal-Lagerstätte
  • Bjärsjölagård Limestone
  • Dasycladalean algae
  • Klinta Formation
  • Lau Event

Other

Inpress
  • ISSN: 1103-5897
Per Ahlberg
E-mail: per [dot] ahlberg [at] geol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Lithosphere and Biosphere Science

+46 46 222 78 70

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