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Intraspecific variation and taphonomic alteration in the Cambrian (Furongian) agnostoid Lotagnostus amerkanus: new information from China

Author:
  • Shanchi Peng
  • Loren Babcock
  • Xuejian Zhu
  • Per Ahlberg
  • Fredrik Terfelt
  • Tao Dai
Publishing year: 2015
Language: English
Pages: 281-306
Publication/Series: Bulletin of Geosciences
Volume: 90
Issue: 2
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Czech Geological Survey

Abstract english

The concept of the agnostoid arthropod species Lotagnostus americanus (Billings, 1860), which has been reported from numerous localities in the upper Furongian Series (Cambrian) of Laurentia, Gondwana, Baltica, Avalonia, and Siberia, is reviewed with emphasis on morphologic and taphonomic information afforded by large collections from Hunan in South China, Xinjiang in Northwest China, and Zhejiang in Southeast China. Comparisons are made with type and topotype material from Quebec, Canada, as well as material from elsewhere in Canada, the USA, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Russia, and Kazakhstan. The new information clarifies the limits of morphologic variability in L. americanus owing to ontogenetic changes and variation within holaspides, including inferred microevolution. It also provides details on apparent variation of taphonomic origin. The Chinese collections demonstrate a moderately wide variation in L. americanus, indicating that arguments favoring restriction of Lotagnostus species to narrowly defined, geographically restricted forms are unwarranted. Species described as L. trisectus (Salter, 1864), L. asiaticus Troedsson, 1937, and L. punctatus Lu, 1964, for example, fall within the range of variation observed in L. americanus, and are regarded as junior synonyms. The effaced form Lotagnosilis obscurus Palmer, 1955 is removed from synonymy with L. americanus. A review of the stratigraphic distribution of L. americanus as construed here shows that the earliest occurrences of the species in all regions of the world are nearly synchronous.

Keywords

  • Geology
  • China
  • Cambrian
  • Furongian
  • agnostoid
  • Lotagnostus americanus
  • Quebec

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1214-1119
Per Ahlberg
E-mail: per [dot] ahlberg [at] geol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Lithosphere and Biosphere Science

+46 46 222 78 70

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