The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here:

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Raimund Muscheler

Raimund Muscheler


Raimund Muscheler

An estimate of post-depositional remanent magnetization lock-in depth in organic rich varved lake sediments


  • Ian Snowball
  • Anette Mellström
  • Emelie Ahlstrand
  • Eeva Haltia-Hovi
  • Andreas Nilsson
  • Wenxin Ning
  • Raimund Muscheler
  • Achim Brauer

Summary, in English

We studied the paleomagnetic properties of relatively organic rich, annually laminated (varved) sediments of Holocene age in Gyltigesjon, which is a lake in southern Sweden. An age-depth model was based on a regional lead pollution isochron and Bayesian modelling of radiocarbon ages of bulk sediments and terrestrial macrofossils, which included a radiocarbon wiggle-matched series of 873 varves that accumulated between 3000 and 2000 Cal a BP (Mellstrom et al., 2013). Mineral magnetic data and first order reversal curves suggest that the natural remanent magnetization is carried by stable single-domain grains of magnetite, probably of magnetosomal origin. Discrete samples taken from overlapping piston cores were used to produce smoothed paleomagnetic secular variation (inclination and declination) and relative paleointensity data sets. Alternative temporal trends in the paleomagnetic data were obtained by correcting for paleomagnetic lock-in depths between 0 and 70 cm and taking into account changes in sediment accumulation rate. These temporal trends were regressed against reference curves for the same region (FENNOSTACK and FENNORPIS; Snowball et al., 2007). The best statistical matches to the reference curves are obtained when we apply lock-in depths of 21-34 cm to the Gyltigesjon paleomagnetic data, although these are most likely minimum estimates. Our study suggests that a significant paleomagnetic lock-in depth can affect the acquisition of post-depositional remanent magnetization even where bioturbation is absent and no mixed sediment surface layer exists. (C) 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • Quaternary Sciences

Publishing year







Global and Planetary Change



Document type

Journal article




  • Geology


  • Paleomagnetic secular variation
  • Post-depositional remanent
  • magnetization
  • Lock-in depth
  • Varves




  • ISSN: 1872-6364