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Ulf Söderlund

Ulf Söderlund


Ulf Söderlund

Constraining the chronology of the mashishing dykes from the eastern kaapvaal craton in South Africa


  • H. Wabo
  • F. Humbert
  • M. O. de Kock
  • G. Belyanin
  • U. Söderlund
  • L. P. Maré
  • N. J. Beukes

Summary, in English

The present study focuses on NNE-trending dykes (sites LDA to LDJ) that occur near Mashishing in the eastern Kaapvaal craton. The Mashishing dykes were previously considered to be coeval and regarded as the extension of the 1.875–1.835Â Ga Black Hills dyke swarm into the sedimentary rocks of the Pretoria Group. Thin sections exhibit well-preserved igneous textures, with primary minerals (e.g., hornblende, clinopyroxene, plagioclase) extensively altered to secondary minerals in most cases. Our dykes can be petrographically grouped as pyroxenite (LDB and LDC), dolerite (LDH) and diorite (remainder of samples). REE and multi-element profiles of pyroxenites and two of the diorites (LDI and LDJ) suggest a common origin of the four dykes, but show no similarity with known mafic units of the Kaapvaal craton. An age estimate between 2208 and 2276Â Ma for dyke LDB, obtained from two overlapping amphibole 40Ar/39Ar plateau results, indicates that these four dykes predates the ~2.05Â Ga Bushveld event. The six remaining dykes have similar chemistry to either the ~2.06Â Ga Dullstroom Lavas (LDG), the 1.875–1.835Â Ga Black Hills dyke swarm (LDH) or the ~1.11Â Ga Umkondo dolerites (LDA, LDD, LDE and LDF). An U–Pb baddeleyite date of 1867 ± 10Â Ma for dyke LDH confirms it as a member of the Black Hills dyke swarm. Demagnetization of eighty-three specimens reveals five stable magnetizations carried by titanomagnetite. Two of these are regarded as magnetic overprints while three magnetizations are likely representative of primary remanences. The corresponding virtual geomagnetic poles (Lat.−26.84°N, Long. 31.66°E; Lat. 26.07°N, Long. 11.01°E, and Lat. 55.84°N, Long. 65.02°E) resemble those from the ~2.23Â Ga Hekpoort Formation, the ~1.88–1.83Â Ga post-Waterberg intrusions, and the ~1.11Â Ga Umkondo dolerites respectively. The above results suggest that the Mashishing dykes, despite similar trends, constitute swarms of different generations.


  • Lithosphere and Biosphere Science

Publishing year







Springer Geology

Document type

Book chapter




  • Geology


  • Geochemistry
  • Geochronology
  • Kaapvaal craton
  • NNE-dyke
  • Paleomagnetism




  • ISSN: 2197-9553
  • ISSN: 2197-9545