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Daniel Conley

Daniel Conley


Daniel Conley

Silicon dynamics in the Oder estuary, Baltic Sea


  • Marianna Pastuszak
  • Daniel Conley
  • Chnistoph Humborg
  • Zbigniew Witek
  • Stanislaw Sitek

Summary, in English

Studies on dissolved silicate (DSi) and biogenic silica (BSi) dynamics were carried out in the Oder estuary, Baltic Sea in 2000-2005. The Oder estuary proved to be an important component of the Oder River-Baltic Sea continuum where very intensive seasonal DSi uptake during spring and autumn, but also BSi regeneration during summer take place. Owing to the regeneration process annual DSi patterns in the river and the estuary distinctly differed; the annual patterns of DSi in the estuary showed two maxima and two minima in contrast to one maximum- and one minimum-pattern in the Oder River. F)Si concentrations in the river and in the estuary were highest in winter (200-250 mu mol dm(-3)) and lowest (often less than 1 mu mol dm(-3)) in spring, concomitant with diatom growth; such low values are known to be limiting for new diatom growth. Secondary DSi summer peaks at the estuary exit exceeded 100 mu mol dm(-3), and these maxima were followed by autumn minima coinciding with the autumn diatom bloom. Seasonal peaks in BSi concentrations (ca. 100 mu mol dm(-3)) occurred during the spring diatom bloom in die Oder River. Mass balance calculations of DSi and BSi showed that DSi + BSi import to the estuary over a two year period was 103.2 kt and that can be compared with the DSi export of 98.5 kt. The difference between these numbers gives room for ca. 2.5 kt BSi to be annually exported to the Baltic Sea. Sediment cores studies point to BSi annual accumulation on the level of 2.5 kt BSi. BSi import to the estuary is on the level of ca. 10.5 kt, thus ca. 5 kt of BSi is annually converted into the DSi, increasing the pool of DSi that leaves the system. BSi concentrations being ca. 2 times higher at the estuary entrance than at its exit remain in a good agreement with the DSi and BSi budgeting presented in the paper. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • Quaternary Sciences

Publishing year







Journal of Marine Systems





Document type

Journal article




  • Geology


  • Baltic
  • Oder estuary
  • DSi budget
  • DSi
  • BSi dynamics




  • ISSN: 0924-7963