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Exploring climate forcing of growth depression in subfossil South Swedish bog pines using stable isotopes

Author:
  • Johannes Edvardsson
  • Thomas W. D. Edwards
  • Hans Linderson
  • Dan Hammarlund
Publishing year: 2014
Language: English
Pages: 55-61
Publication/Series: Dendrochronologia
Volume: 32
Issue: 1
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Elsevier

Abstract english

Comparison between growth variability, based on ring-width (RW) analysis, and moisture-sensitive signals in tree-ring carbon and oxygen stable-isotope composition provides increased understanding of how climate and hydrology influenced bog pines (Pinus sylvestris L) at two sites in southern Sweden during the mid- and late Holocene. Tree-ring sequences from two subfossil trees collected at raised bogs having different hydrology and catchment size were analyzed to probe the stable-isotope signals associated with two bog-wide episodes of growth depression, one during the Holocene Thermal Maximum and the other during the Neoglacial Transition. The occurrence of lower whole-wood delta C-13 and cellulose 813C and 8180 values immediately prior to the onset of growth depression in both trees, suggesting increased atmospheric relative humidity, is consistent with the notion that excessive effective moisture impeded tree growth. Correlation analysis indicates that the growth response lagged about three years behind the decline in delta C-13 and delta O-18 values in each tree, possibly reflecting relatively slow rise in the local water table in response to wetter climate. (c) 2013 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Geology
  • Dendrochronology
  • Carbon isotopes
  • Oxygen isotopes
  • Peat bog
  • Holocene

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1125-7865
Hans Linderson
E-mail: hans [dot] linderson [at] geol [dot] lu [dot] se

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