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Impact origin for the Hummeln structure (Sweden) and its link to the Ordovician disruption of the L chondrite parent body

  • Carl Alwmark
  • L. Ferriere
  • Sanna Alwmark
  • J. Ormoe
  • H. Leroux
  • E. Sturkell
Publishing year: 2015
Language: English
Pages: 279-282
Publication/Series: Geology
Volume: 43
Issue: 4
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Geological Society of America

Abstract english

Several studies of meteorites show that a large disruption of an asteroid occurred ca. 470 Ma in our solar system's asteroid belt. As a consequence, a large number of meteorite impacts occurred on Earth during the following few million years. The finding and characterization, for the first time, of planar deformation features in quartz grains from rocks collected at the Middle Ordovician Hummeln structure (Sweden) prove the hypervelocity impact origin of the structure. The unambiguous shock features allow us to close an similar to 200-yr-old discussion about its origin, and further the hypothesis of enhanced asteroid bombardment during the Middle Ordovician, adding an impact crater to the increasing number confirmed and properly dated from this period. Despite its relatively small size (similar to 1.2 km in diameter), similar to the young Meteor Crater (Arizona, USA), and its old age, the Hummeln structure is remarkably well preserved, contradicting the general assumption that small craters are not preserved on Earth for more than a few tens of thousands to a couple of million years.


  • Geology


  • ISSN: 0091-7613
Carl Alwmark
E-mail: carl [dot] alwmark [at] geol [dot] lu [dot] se

Senior lecturer

Lithosphere and Biosphere Science

+46 46 222 78 71


Sölvegatan 12, Lund